|The Proclamation of Crowns in the Attic Demes
Since the middle of the fourth century B.C., the ceremony of the proclamation of crowns had been performed in several Attic demes on the occasion of the Dionysia or other festivals. Previous scholars have considered its ceremony, and the Dionysia itself, as an imitation of that of the polis, and related it to the assertion of demes' identities as states within the state. But why the imitation of its ceremony asserted the identities of demes has not been studied enough. In this paper, I examined the epigraphic evidences about proclamation of crowns.
The examination of inscriptions shows that its ceremony was introduced into about the end of the fifth century B.C. at the City Dionysia. At first, the polis proclaimed crowns for foreigners, but from the middle of the fourth century B.C., crowns for Athenian citizens seems to have been proclaimed. Around the same time, the Attic demes had started introducing its ceremony into their own festivals such as the Dionysia, the Tauropolia, and the Amarysia. This means that the Attic demes imitated its ceremony independently.