Rethinking Co-Existence: Migrants and Refugees Seen from the Perspective of Movement of People
The year 2015 might be a corner stone of the “Movement of People.” Those who are forced to leave from their country of origin and those who seek for a better life in another country have been creating a large wave of people movement. In Europe, for example, the current migration crisis is said to be the most serious one since World War II. A great number of refugees are among the migrating people. In Japan, refugee applications marked the largest number since 1982, when the refugee recognition system was initially introduced. However, the number of migrants and refugees in Japan still remains low compared with other industrialized countries. It has been quite some time since the concept of co-existence was introduced to the Japanese society. Why, then, is co-existence not widely practiced in Japan? This presentation focuses on the different challenges that Japan faces by looking at positive practices in other countries and the Intercultural Cities Programme of the Council of Europe.
Yukari Ando is a specially appointed assistant professor, Global Collaboration Center, Osaka University, Japan. Her field of research is international refugee law as well as international human rights law. Her main interest is the principle of non-refoulement in international human rights law, which prohibits expulsion/deportation if the person is subject to torture or inhuman degrading treatment.. She has served as a programme adviser at the Secretariat of the International Peace Headquarters, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, before joining Osaka University. She was also an international observer in the Southern Sudan Referendum.